Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) & Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD appears as a persistent pattern of inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity. To diagnose ADHD, several symptoms must be present (based on the DSM-5®).
ADHD Symptoms of Inattention:
- Makes careless mistakes/lacks attention to detail
- Lacks sustained attention
- Poor listener
- Fails to follow through on tasks and instructions
- Poor organization
- Avoids tasks requiring sustained mental effort
- Loses things necessary for tasks/activities
- Easily distracted (including unrelated thoughts)
- Forgetful in daily activities
ADHD Symptoms of Hyperactivity/Impulsivity:
- Fidgets with or taps hands or feet, squirms in seat
- Leaves seat in situations when remaining seated is expected
- Excessive running/climbing or feelings of restlessness
- Difficulty with quiet leisure activities
- Is "on-the-go" or "driven by a motor"
- Excessive talking
- Blurts out answers
- Difficulty waiting turn
- Interrupts or intrudes on others
An evaluation and assessment of ADD/ADHD should be based on:
- ADHD symptoms
- Associated conditions and comorbidities
- Impairment in daily activities:
- At home
- At school/workplace
- In social settings
- Family ADHD/psychiatric history
- Past medical history
- Patient and family understanding of ADHD and their beliefs
- Potential barriers to management
Obtaining feedback from caregivers, teachers, friends,family members, and/or co-workers is essential to an effective ADHD assessment.When getting feedback, take into account the unpredictable situations that may occur in a given setting.
Consider these questions:
- What symptoms have you or others observed?
- How often do symptoms appear during the day?
- Do you or others notice certain situations that provoke symptoms?
- Do you or others notice a time of day when symptoms are more pronounced?
The following resources are provided to you as you pursue and progress through treatment: