Bipolar disorder (or manic-depressive illness) is a common, severe, and persistent mental illness. This condition is a serious, life-long challenge in which a person experiences a period of depression followed by a manic “high”. A manic episode is a period lasting at least a week with symptoms such as an abnormally elevated mood, exaggerated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, pressured speech, irritability or distractibility, and reckless or impulsive behaviors such as sexual indiscretion or spending sprees. A person in a manic phase may also experience psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations (hearing or seeing things that are not there) or delusions (firmly believing things that are not true).
Additional symptoms of a manic episode may include:
- Lesser need for sleep
- Excessive talking
- Racing thoughts or flight of ideas
- Easily distracted
- Increased level of goal-focused activity at home, at work, or sexually
- Excessive pleasurable activities, often with painful consequences
Treatment of Bipolar Disorder: A Guide for Patients and Families
The Highs and Lows of Bipolar Disorder
Bipolar Disorder and Immune Dysfunction:Epidemiological Findings, Proposed Pathophysiology and Clinical Implications
Please remember this information is intended for educational purposes only and should not substitute medical advice from a healthcare provider.