Sleep affects your mental and physical health. Getting good sleep helps boost your mind and mood and can help prevent health problems. Women are more likely than men to have insomnia and other sleep problems. Changing hormones during the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and menopause can affect how well a woman sleeps. But there are steps you can take to get the rest you need.
Your mind and body are healthier when you sleep well. Your body needs time every day to rest and heal. Some sleep disorders, such as insomnia, sleep apnea, and restless leg syndrome, make it harder to fall asleep or stay asleep. This can lead to daytime sleepiness and make it more difficult to stay in good mental health.
Having a sleep problem can also trigger a mental health condition or make current mental health conditions worse. Also, mental health conditions or treatments can sometimes cause sleep problems.
Women may be more likely to have sleep problems because women experience hormonal changes during certain times and events that are unique to women. These include premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), pregnancy, and menopause.
Chronic insomnia makes it hard for you to function during the day and may lead to the following symptoms:
- Daytime sleepiness
- Low energy or fatigue
- Awakening during the night
- Anxiety or frustration about sleep
- Attention, concentration or memory problems
- Waking up tired or in pain
- Distress in gastrointestinal tract or other physical symptoms
Insomnia may be caused by many factors like stress, depression, anxiety, physical illness, alcohol, nicotine, and drug use, and caffeine intake. Most cases of insomnia can be managed by behavioral adjustments, as well as the thorough investigation and treatment of under-lying or related health issues.