Patients with mental illnesses may adopt eating habits that lead to vitamin deficiencies.


Vitamins are substances other than carbohydrates, fats, minerals, and proteins your body needs to grow and develop normally. They include vitamins A, C, D, E, K, and B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, B-6, B-12, and folate). Vitamin deficiencies can affect mental illness by making symptoms worse which can result in poor nutrition choices compromising treatment and recovery.

You can usually get all your vitamins from the foods you eat and your body can make vitamins D and K. Each vitamin has a specific job and if you have low levels of certain vitamins, you may experience health problems. The best way to get enough vitamins is to eat a balanced diet with a variety of nutritional foods. In some cases, however, you may need to take vitamin supplements. Be sure to talk with your health care provider first before taking vitamin supplements as high doses can cause problems.

Please remember this information is intended for educational purposes only and should not substitute medical advice from a healthcare provider.